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pycrypto安装报错error:Unable to find vcvarsall.bat

admin2020年2月9日 12:32 Python | Windows 11人已围观

# Unable to find vcvarsall.bat 由于Win10系统安装`pip install pycrypto`报C++错误 从 https://www.lfd.uci.edu/~gohlke/pythonlibs/ 搜索`pycrypto`,但没有找到想要的`whl`文件,进入了 https://www.dlitz.net/software/pycrypto/ ,然后下载了 pycrypto-2.6.1.tar.gz ```bash p\pycrypto-2.6.1>python setup.py install running install running build running build_py running build_ext warning: GMP or MPIR library not found; Not building Crypto.PublicKey._fastmath. building 'Crypto.Random.OSRNG.winrandom' extension error: Unable to find vcvarsall.bat ``` 手动安装仍然报错。 ~~按照网上的办法进行安装~~ `pip install pycryptodome` ~~依旧不行。~~ # 解决办法 参考 https://blogs.msdn.microsoft.com/pythonengineering/2016/04/11/unable-to-find-vcvarsall-bat/ 下载 [Visual C++ Build Tools 2015](http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=691126) ## 安装Windows 10 SDK 下载安装,选择自定义,安装Windows 10 SDK ![BLOG_20200209_123406_50](/media/blog/images/2020/02/BLOG_20200209_123406_50.png "博客图集BLOG_20200209_123406_50.png") ![BLOG_20200209_123358_86](/media/blog/images/2020/02/BLOG_20200209_123358_86.png "博客图集BLOG_20200209_123358_86.png") ## 报错cl.exe' failed with exit status 2 使用`python setup.py install`安装离线包或`pip install pycrypto`均报以下错误 ```bash C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio 14.0\VC\BIN\x86_amd64\cl.exe /c /nologo /Ox /W3 /GL /DNDEBUG /MD -Isrc/ -Isrc/inc-msvc/ -IC:\Envs\DjangoEncryptLicen se\include -IC:\Apps\Python\Python37\include -IC:\Apps\Python\Python37\include "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio 14.0\VC\INCLUDE" "-IC:\Program Files ( x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.10240.0\ucrt" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.10240.0\shared" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\includ e\10.0.10240.0\um" "-IC:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.10240.0\winrt" /Tcsrc/winrand.c /Fobuild\temp.win-amd64-3.7\Release\src/winrand.obj winrand.c C:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.10240.0\ucrt\inttypes.h(26): error C2061: syntax error: identifier 'intmax_t' C:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.10240.0\ucrt\inttypes.h(27): error C2061: syntax error: identifier 'rem' C:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.10240.0\ucrt\inttypes.h(27): error C2059: syntax error: ';' C:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.10240.0\ucrt\inttypes.h(28): error C2059: syntax error: '}' C:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.10240.0\ucrt\inttypes.h(30): error C2061: syntax error: identifier 'imaxdiv_t' C:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.10240.0\ucrt\inttypes.h(30): error C2059: syntax error: ';' C:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.10240.0\ucrt\inttypes.h(40): error C2143: syntax error: missing '{' before '__cdecl' C:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.10240.0\ucrt\inttypes.h(41): error C2146: syntax error: missing ')' before identifier '_Number' C:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.10240.0\ucrt\inttypes.h(41): error C2061: syntax error: identifier '_Number' C:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.10240.0\ucrt\inttypes.h(41): error C2059: syntax error: ';' C:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.10240.0\ucrt\inttypes.h(42): error C2059: syntax error: ')' C:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.10240.0\ucrt\inttypes.h(45): error C2143: syntax error: missing '{' before '__cdecl' C:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.10240.0\ucrt\inttypes.h(46): error C2146: syntax error: missing ')' before identifier '_Numerator' C:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.10240.0\ucrt\inttypes.h(46): error C2061: syntax error: identifier '_Numerator' C:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.10240.0\ucrt\inttypes.h(46): error C2059: syntax error: ';' C:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.10240.0\ucrt\inttypes.h(46): error C2059: syntax error: ',' C:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.10240.0\ucrt\inttypes.h(48): error C2059: syntax error: ')' C:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.10240.0\ucrt\inttypes.h(50): error C2143: syntax error: missing '{' before '__cdecl' C:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.10240.0\ucrt\inttypes.h(56): error C2143: syntax error: missing '{' before '__cdecl' C:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.10240.0\ucrt\inttypes.h(63): error C2143: syntax error: missing '{' before '__cdecl' C:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.10240.0\ucrt\inttypes.h(69): error C2143: syntax error: missing '{' before '__cdecl' C:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.10240.0\ucrt\inttypes.h(76): error C2143: syntax error: missing '{' before '__cdecl' C:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.10240.0\ucrt\inttypes.h(82): error C2143: syntax error: missing '{' before '__cdecl' C:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.10240.0\ucrt\inttypes.h(89): error C2143: syntax error: missing '{' before '__cdecl' C:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.10240.0\ucrt\inttypes.h(95): error C2143: syntax error: missing '{' before '__cdecl' error: command 'C:\\Program Files (x86)\\Microsoft Visual Studio 14.0\\VC\\BIN\\x86_amd64\\cl.exe' failed with exit status 2 ``` ## 复制stdint.h `C:\\Program Files (x86)\\Microsoft Visual Studio 14.0`这是`Microsoft Visual Studio 14.0`的安装路径,进入`\VC\include` ![BLOG_20200209_123348_71](/media/blog/images/2020/02/BLOG_20200209_123348_71.png "博客图集BLOG_20200209_123348_71.png") 将`stdint.h`文件复制到上面报错的`C:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\include\10.0.10240.0\ucrt`目录中 ![BLOG_20200209_123342_43](/media/blog/images/2020/02/BLOG_20200209_123342_43.png "博客图集BLOG_20200209_123342_43.png") ## 修改inttypes.h 修改报错文件`inttypes.h`,将`#include <stdint.h>` 改为 `#include "stdint.h"`,保存 ![BLOG_20200209_123331_36](/media/blog/images/2020/02/BLOG_20200209_123331_36.png "博客图集BLOG_20200209_123331_36.png") ## pip install pycrypto pip再次安装`pycrypto` ```bash >pip install pycrypto Collecting pycrypto Using cached https://files.pythonhosted.org/packages/60/db/645aa9af249f059cc3a368b118de33889219e0362141e75d4eaf6f80f163/pycrypto-2.6.1.tar.gz Installing collected packages: pycrypto Running setup.py install for pycrypto ... done Successfully installed pycrypto-2.6.1 ```

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